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Soil compaction, construction damage, and land development practices can lead to tree decline and early tree mortality. Examine the biology of trees, and learn how they respond to changes in the urban environment. Explore techniques for assessing and preserving tree health and vigor, as well as new diagnostic tools and methods for tree and site analysis in developed urban sites.
Required Text : Clark, James R. & Nelda Matheny Trees and Development Publisher: International Society of Arboriculture, 1998