Before the increasing news coverage, any mention of Uyghurs was mostly met with a puzzled look. Who are they ... and how is that pronounced? As news venues have highlighted the plight of this Turkic ethnic group in far western China, awareness is growing, but still many questions remain. In this course, we will explore the history and culture of Uyghurs living in a region that has a contested past. The goal of this course is to promote understanding of the complex historical, cultural, political and economic reasons behind the current human rights atrocitiesagainst Uyghurs and other Turkic populations in Xinjiang.